Erith, Slade Green, Crayford and Lower Belvedere have been home to all sorts of mechanical and infrastructure engineering for many years. One world leading such organisation was Callender’s Cables, a company that was originally formed by William Callender in 1880; Callender had already been in business for at least ten years; he started off importing bitumen and asphalt from Switzerland to the UK in order to feed the demand for tarmac roads in London. At this time the business was run by Callender and his two sons from offices in Leadenhall Street in the City of London; they also had a large depot in Millwall where the raw asphalt and bitumen was landed ashore from cargo ships before it was sold on to the civil engineering companies engaged in road building. Later Callender decided to diversify; he realised that the world was becoming electrified, and that a great deal of money was going to be made by those in the business. His son Thomas took over the production of large capacity insulated electric cables, and famously provided electric lighting for the St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theatre in Russia; Cables were also supplied for the electric lighting of the new law courts in the Strand, and for the Royal Opera house in Covent Garden in 1883, as well as mains cables for the growing number of electricity supply companies. By this time the large factory in Erith had opened, which was the base of many Callender operations for the next five decades. As you can see in the photos above - click on any one to see a larger view, the construction of the Callender factory in Erith was extensively photographed in 1937 and 1938. I was kindly loaned several albums of photographs from the period by local resident Leslie. I have shown just a handful of the hundred or so images contained within the albums. I am pretty sure that they were professionally taken. I would imagine from the size of the photos, they were not cheap at the time. They also appear to be of a very high technical standard. I believe that they were probably taken on behalf of either the architect, the construction company, or the consulting engineers. They certainly form an important part of local history records, and have never been published online before. Thanks to Leslie for the scoop. Back to the history of Callenders; By 1898 the number of contracts won had grown from 31 to 70; total sales over the same period had increased from £95,764 to £296,946 – a fortune at the time. Callender Cables continued with the development and sale of high voltage, large capacity power cables until World War II, when their specialised engineering skills were devoted to war work. Callenders jointly developed PLUTO (Pipeline Under The Ocean) with Glovers of Trafford Park in order to supply fuel to the Allied invasion force in June 1944. By the end of the war Callenders were a very different organisation to that they had been prior to the conflict; at this point they opted to merge with British Insulated Cables to become British Insulated Callenders Cables Ltd – better known as BICC. Callenders also contributed much to the area of culture and the arts; Callenders Cableworks Band, which was started in 1890 as a Salvation Army band. Some members wanted to play a wider variety of music, so the band was relaunched as a temperance promoting popular music band. Callender's employees included at least a hundred instrumentalists who spent their leisure time in four band groups. The Senior Band consisted of 31 picked men: this was the band which broadcast on BBC Radio. There was also the A-band, the B-band and a learner's class of beginners from school age onwards; the A- and B-band members and the learners could all be promoted upwards as their skills developed and vacancies occurred. There was also a degree of "poaching" of skilled instrumentalists from other bands, not necessarily local to the area; It was kept quiet at the time, but in August 1925 when the St Hilda Colliery in South Shields temporarily closed, seven members of the colliery band, which was undoubtedly one of the best in the UK at the time, were all offered positions working at Callenders, even though they were miners, not cabling engineers. It is understood that their "day jobs" were nominal at best - making the tea or doing a bit of sweeping up - they were actually recruited primarily for their musical talents, and the prestige that they would bring to the company. This "poaching" of the best musicians from other brass bands carried on over the next ten years or so - a period when the Callenders Cableworks Band were considered the very best in the country. They became popular around the country and gave many public performances, and had a regular feature on pioneering radio station 2LO during the early days of radio. The Band's first broadcast was from radio station 2LO on 27 February 1925. By 1932 the band had twice toured all stations of BBC Radio, and they were to broadcast there twice again in April of that year, by which time they had broadcast 72 times on radio. By 16 December of that year, they had broadcast 80 times. They aspired to performing music which was "out of the rut of marches, operatic selections and other pier head pieces." They performed on 5 March 1932 at the Queen's Hall, London. On the afternoon and evening of Sunday 20 March of the same year, they performed at the opening of the new art deco frontage of the Central Bandstand, Herne Bay, Kent. On 18 December 1932 they took part in a special BBC Radio programme in which most of the music had been composed especially for them. Under the name of Callenders Senior Band they recorded Colonel Bogey, Entry of the Gladiators, Le Grenadier, Les Huguenots (parts 1 and 2), Three Dale Dances and Triana on 78 rpm disks. They recorded A Sailor's Life (Descriptive Fantasia), parts 1 and 2, conducted by Tom Morgan, on two Broadcast Twelve disks. Broadcast Twelve Records was a United Kingdom based record label introduced in 1928 to partner the regular "Broadcast" brand records introduced in 1927. These brands replaced the Aco Records label. The manufacturer of the discs were the Vocalion Gramophone Company. "Broadcast" discs were 8-inch (later increased to 9-inch) and "Broadcast Twelve" discs were 10-inch 78rpm gramophone records, but with small labels and a fine groove pitch so they would play as long as regular 10 and 12-inch discs respectively. They ceased production in 1934. The label was a subsidiary of the British branch of Vocalion Records. In brass band competitions over the years they had 25 wins, 11 second places and 3 third places. For some years they took part in the Elthorne Band Contest which started in 1919 at Elthorne Park. The competition had four sections with many entries, and a massed band concert. They won the competition on 20 May 1924 and 3 May 1925, and again on 7 June 1930. The band was disbanded at the start of World War 2, and reformed at the end of the war; though it never regained the prestige it had once held - and in any case brass band music was losing favour with the listening public. The band struggled on until 1961, when it was finally wound up due to a lack of members. Ironically the history of the band is now starting to come to the fore again, and interest in what Callenders did in the early decades of the twentieth century is now starting to grow. Feedback and comments can be made to me by Emailing me at email@example.com.
Transport for London has issued the following advice about the Elizabeth Line, which is about to open; the nearest local station on the line is Abbey Wood:- "The Elizabeth line will open on Tuesday 24 May. The line will operate in London as three separate railways, in the east, west and through central London. When the final stage is complete, customers will be able to travel seamlessly from Abbey Wood to Heathrow and Reading, and from Shenfield to Heathrow. From 24 May:The central section opens, adding nine new stations to the TfL network (Bond Street will open to Elizabeth line customers soon). There will be 12 trains an hour (a train every 5 minutes), running between Paddington and Abbey Wood from 06:30 to 23:00, Monday to Saturday. Bond Street is currently closed and will open later on this year. There will be no Sunday services. A special service will operate on Sunday 5 June for the Platinum Jubilee weekend running from 08:00 to 22:00. Services between Liverpool Street and Shenfield, and Paddington to Heathrow and Reading will continue to operate on Sundays as they do now".
In another transport related story, it is looking quite likely that the cross Thames cable car may cease operation before the end of the year; the former Emirates Airline has been losing money ever since it opened. Only the sponsorship from Emirates has kept it open. Word reaches me that the Emirates sponsorship contract finishes in June, and is not being renewed. At the time of writing, no other sponsor has shown any interest in the service, which primarily operates as a minor tourist attraction. Transport for London has no money to support what some locals jokingly refer to as "The Arabfly Dangleway", I consider it likely that the white elephant cable car service will fold unless another backer can be found.
The end video on my Blog is normally fairly short, but this week I make an exception; it features an unedited journey from Erith on foot by a chap who is trying to complete the entire London LOOP (London Outer Orbital Pathway). The video is just over two and a half hours long, so you may wish to fast forward through parts of it. The videographer, a chap called Bruce, says of his efforts:- "I'm walking the LOOP partly for my health but mostly to raise money for the 150th anniversary (sesquicentenary - there's a word for it!) of Christ Church, Colliers Wood, London, in 2024. This is the seventeenth section of the path walked this time round. In due course I plan to edit the video down from this full version and add some actual information!"